WWI’s Aftermath: Public and Private Commemoration

When the war concluded in November 1918, nearly a million Britons were dead. British soldiers killed in action were buried overseas, so that public officials and grieving families were challenged to represent both personal and national losses. To recognise individual sacrifices, the British government issued memorial bronze plaques and paper scrolls to the family of each service-person who died as as result of the war. And, on November 11, 1920, a solemn ceremony dedicated two of Britain’s most famous public war documents, Edward Lutyens’ Whitehall Cenotaph and the Unknown Warrior, buried in Westminster Abbey.